Source: Michel Robert

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Ships of the Carignan-Saliѐres Regiment.

The seven ships involved in transporting the Regiment in 1665.


Six ships were used to transport the Regiment to Canada and a seventh was used for the supplies. Details about these ships are given below.

! NEW !

The Brézé, an 800 tons man-of-war.

 

Click on the icon for more details and pictures
of this historic scale model of the "Brézé".

A new and very large royal man-of-war of 800 tons. It had sailed the previous year with the Terron, a slightly smaller man-of-war, from La Rochelle to the Antilles with the Marquis de Tracy and the four detached companies (Berthier, La Brisardiѐre, La Durantaye and Monteil) to chase the English out of the colonies. After a successful campaign, they sailed to Canada in the spring as planned. Tracy, a lieutenant-general, with vice-royal authority to establish the new royal government structure in New-France, arrived at Quebec from the Antilles with the four detached companies on June 30. They had sailed to Percé on the tip of the Gaspésie peninsula where they waited three weeks for two smaller vessels, and then transboarded on the smaller ships to sail up the Saint Laurent. An old large scale model of the Brézé hangs from the ceiling of the nave of the "Notre Dame des Victoires" chapel (built in 1688) in the Lower Town of Québec. Pictures of this model can be seen by clicking on the icon at the top of the page.


 

Joyeux Siméon

A 200 tons chartered Dutch merchant ship. It sailed from La Rochelle on April 19, 1665 and landed at Québec on June 19, after 61 days at sea. It carried four companies, including the Chambly, Froment and La Tour companies, based on documentary evidences of the time.


 

Paix

A royal ship. It is not known if it was a man-of-war or a transport. It sailed May 13, 1665 from La Rochelle with four companies and landed at Québec during the third week of August. It accompanied the Aigle d'Or.


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Aigle d’Or

An old and decrepit (worm-eaten hull) royal ship. It sailed on May 13, 1665 from La Rochelle with the four companies La Colonelle, La Frediѐre, Grandfontaine, Lamotte and the Marquis de Saliѐres, colonel of the Regiment. It landed at Québec during the third week of August, after about 95 days at sea.The Paix and Aigle d'Or sailed together.


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Saint Sébastien

A royal ship. It sailed from La Rochelle on May 24, 1665 and landed at Québec September 12, after 110 days.Jean Talon and Daniel de Rémy de Courcelle respectively the new Intendant and new Governor of New France were on this ship. Soldier François Guire was also on this ship.


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Justice

A royal ship. It sailed from La Rochelle on May 24, 1665 and landed at Québec on September 12, accompanying the Saint Sébastien. From these two ships which sailed together, more than 20 men had died at sea and 130 were too weak to make it ashore by themselves.


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Jardin de Hollande

This ship transported the supplies for the Regiment. It sailed from La Rochelle on June 22, 1665 and its date of arrival is not known, but apparently after September 2.

 

The Brézé.

One of the ships involved in transporting the Carignan-Saliѐres Regiment in 1665.


An old scale model of the BRÉZÉ hangs from the ceiling of the nave of the "Notre Dame des Victoires" chapel (built in 1688) in the Lower Town of Québec. Two photos included. The model is large, 1,5 m. (5 feet) in length. I don't know the story of this scale model. It is quite similar in workmanship and scale to the ones in the collection of the "Musée de la Marine" in Paris, the Navy museum of the French government. Many of the scale models in this collection were contemporaries of the actual ships they represented.


The BRÉZÉ was a large royal man-of-war of 800 tons, built about 1663. 36 cannons can be counted on the lower deck; so it might have had a total of close to 80 cannons on three decks. It had sailed in 1664 with the Terron, a slightly smaller man-of-war, from La Rochelle to the Antilles with the Marquis de Tracy and the four detached companies (Berthier, La Brisardiѐre, La Durantaye and Monteil) to chase the English out of the colonies.

After a successful campaign, they sailed to Canada in the spring of 1665 as planned. The Brézé anchored at Percé on the tip of the Gaspésie peninsula to transboard the troops to two smaller vessels, to ferry them up the Saint Laurent. The Brézé was thought to have too much draft to navigate the channels around àŽle d'Orléans. This perceived problem limited the sizes of the ships sent from France to Québec to less than about 350 tons.

The ship was named after ARMAND DE MAILLÉ - BRÉZÉ, DUKE OF FRONSAC (1619 - 1646). Maillé-Brézé, nephew of Cardinal Richelieu, was named admiral of the Atlantic fleet by the latter, at the age of 21 in 1640. He was a rather dull young man but a fighting leader of dash, and what he lacked in experience was easily compensated by his assistant the veteran captain Des Gouttes. He quickly imposed himself by his victory against the Spanish fleet in 1642. At the death of Richelieu in 1643, he was made Superintendent of the Navy, a title previously held by Richelieu himself. At the siege of Ortobello in May 1646, he was cut in two by an enemy cannonball, at the age of 27, while attacking the Spanish fleet. By coincidence the goal of this campaign was to free Naples from the Spanish domination and make Thomas of Savoie, prince of Carignan, the new king of the Napolitan kingdom. The Regiment of Carignan was at the siege, under the leadership of the prince himself. They had been transported by the fleet of Brézé from Genoa to Argentaro. The whole campaign fizzled out and failed.

The model in the nave of Notre-Dame-des-Victoires

 

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