Source: Michel Robert
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Ships of the Carignan-Saliѐres Regiment.
The seven ships
involved in transporting the Regiment in 1665.
Six ships were
used to transport the Regiment to Canada and a
seventh was used for the supplies. Details about these ships are given below.
! NEW !
The Brézé, an
800 tons man-of-war.
Click on the icon for more details and pictures
of this historic scale model of the "Brézé".
A new and very
large royal man-of-war of 800 tons. It had sailed the previous year with the Terron,
a slightly smaller man-of-war, from La Rochelle to
the Antilles with the Marquis de Tracy and the four
detached companies (Berthier, La Brisardiѐre, La Durantaye and Monteil) to
chase the English out of the colonies. After a successful campaign, they sailed
to Canada in the spring as planned. Tracy, a
lieutenant-general, with vice-royal authority to establish the new royal
government structure in New-France, arrived at Quebec
from the Antilles with the four detached companies on June
30. They had sailed to Percé on the tip of the Gaspésie peninsula where they
waited three weeks for two smaller vessels, and then transboarded on the
smaller ships to sail up the Saint
Laurent. An old large scale
model of the Brézé hangs from the ceiling of the nave of the "Notre Dame
des Victoires" chapel (built in 1688) in the Lower Town of Québec.
Pictures of this model can be seen by clicking on the icon at the top of the
A 200 tons chartered Dutch merchant
ship. It sailed from La Rochelle on April 19, 1665 and landed at Québec on June 19, after 61 days
at sea. It carried four companies, including the Chambly, Froment and
La Tour companies, based on documentary evidences of the time.
A royal ship. It is not known if it
was a man-of-war or a transport. It sailed May 13, 1665 from La Rochelle with four
companies and landed at Québec during the third week of August. It accompanied
the Aigle d'Or.
An old and
decrepit (worm-eaten hull) royal ship. It sailed on May 13, 1665
from La Rochelle with the four companies La Colonelle, La Frediѐre,
Grandfontaine, Lamotte and the Marquis de Saliѐres, colonel of the Regiment. It
landed at Québec during the third week of August, after about 95 days at sea.The
Paix and Aigle d'Or sailed together.
A royal ship. It sailed from La
Rochelle on May 24, 1665 and landed at Québec September 12, after 110 days.Jean
Talon and Daniel de Rémy de Courcelle respectively the new Intendant and new
Governor of New France were on this ship. Soldier François Guire was also
on this ship.
A royal ship. It sailed from La Rochelle on May 24, 1665 and landed
at Québec on September 12, accompanying the Saint Sébastien. From these two
ships which sailed together, more than 20 men had died at sea and 130 were too
weak to make it ashore by themselves.
Jardin de Hollande
transported the supplies for the Regiment. It sailed from La Rochelle on June
22, 1665 and its date of
arrival is not known, but apparently after September 2.
of the ships involved in transporting the Carignan-Saliѐres Regiment in 1665.
An old scale
model of the BRÉZÉ hangs from the ceiling of the nave of the "Notre
Dame des Victoires" chapel (built in 1688) in the Lower Town of Québec.
Two photos included. The model is large, 1,5 m. (5 feet) in length. I don't
know the story of this scale model. It is quite similar in workmanship and
scale to the ones in the collection of the "Musée de la Marine"
in Paris, the Navy museum of the French government. Many of the scale
models in this collection were contemporaries of the actual ships they
was a large royal man-of-war of 800 tons, built about 1663. 36 cannons can be
counted on the lower deck; so it might have had a total of close to 80 cannons
on three decks. It had sailed in 1664 with the Terron, a slightly smaller
man-of-war, from La Rochelle to the Antilles with the
Marquis de Tracy and the four detached companies (Berthier, La Brisardiѐre, La Durantaye
and Monteil) to chase the English out of the colonies.
After a successful campaign, they
sailed to Canada in the spring of 1665 as planned. The Brézé anchored at Percé on
the tip of the Gaspésie peninsula to transboard the troops to two smaller
vessels, to ferry them up the Saint Laurent. The Brézé was thought to
have too much draft to navigate the channels around àŽle d'Orléans. This
perceived problem limited the sizes of the ships sent from France to Québec to
less than about 350 tons.
The ship was
named after ARMAND DE MAILLÉ -
BRÉZÉ, DUKE OF FRONSAC (1619 - 1646). Maillé-Brézé, nephew of Cardinal
Richelieu, was named admiral of the Atlantic fleet by the latter, at the age of
21 in 1640. He was a rather dull young man but a fighting leader of dash, and
what he lacked in experience was easily compensated by his assistant the
veteran captain Des Gouttes. He quickly imposed himself by his victory against
the Spanish fleet in 1642. At the death of Richelieu in 1643, he
was made Superintendent of the Navy, a title previously held by Richelieu
himself. At the siege of Ortobello in May 1646, he was cut in two by an enemy
cannonball, at the age of 27, while attacking the Spanish fleet. By coincidence
the goal of this campaign was to free Naples from the
Spanish domination and make Thomas of Savoie, prince of Carignan, the
new king of the Napolitan kingdom. The Regiment of Carignan was at the
siege, under the leadership of the prince himself. They had been transported by
the fleet of Brézé from Genoa to Argentaro. The whole campaign fizzled out and failed.
model in the nave of Notre-Dame-des-Victoires
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