Source: The Aubuchon Family, 400 Years of History
of Jean Aubuchon
1591 in Ste. Rémi de Dieppe, Normandy, France
The Migration to Kaskaskia, Illinois
As early as 1712 the first of the four Aubuchon brothers,
Joseph, Pierre, Jean Baptiste and Antoine, migrated from Canada to the Illinois
country. They were the sons of Joseph "dit" L'Esperance Aubuchon
and Elizabeth Cusson, grandchildren of Jean "dit" L'Esperance Aubuchon,
the immigrant and great-grandchildren of Jean Aubuchon and Jeanne Gille of Normandy, France. Although
they did not all travel together, they did all settle along the Mississippi
River, in the village of Kaskaskia. The village of Kaskaskia was founded in 1703, south of
the mission of Cahokia, making the Aubuchon brothers some of the earliest settlers
there. Thus began the Midwest chapter of Aubuchon family.
Joseph Aubuchon b. 24 December
1688 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Joseph, the oldest of the four
brothers, was born December 24, 1688. There are two official
dates listed for Joseph's migration to Kaskaskia: September 9, 1712, and August 23,
17181. Kaskaskia records from January 1726
indicate that Joseph was the godfather to Joseph Devignet, so he definitely
migrated before January 1726. The following is the English translation of
a quote from the baptismal record:
"January, 1726, was
born a son of the lawful marriage of Nicolas Devignet and of Dorothee
Mercier... whom I baptized the same day. The godfather was Joseph Aubuchon
and the godmother Cecille Brunet; he was given the name Joseph."2
Joseph married a Native American,
Marie Paniouensa (there are various spellings of her name), possibly Pawnee (Pani),
in Kaskaskia on March 29, 1729.
Together they had three children: Cecile whose birth and death dates are
unknown; Marie Louise Dorothee Aubuchon who married Charles Chevalier in
1771 and upon his death married Jean Clairet in 1773; Finally, Gabriel
who was born around 1735 in Kaskaskia, married Angelique "dit" LaSonde
Pilet on April 30, 1765 in Kaskaskia and died February 20, 1785 in Kaskaskia.
On April 13, 1739, Joseph
succeeded Antoine Bienvenu as the annually elected Syndic of Kaskaskia.
In the northern provinces of France, the
duty of a Syndic was to represent the village in all lawsuits against it.
But in the Illinois country the position seems to have been more of a magistrate.3
Joseph remained in Kaskaskia until his death in 1772.
Following generations (possibly his son Gabriel) would later migrate to Florissant, Missouri.
Pierre Aubuchon b. 26 June 1694 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Pierre was born
on June 26, 1694 in Montreal and was
baptized on the same date. He was the son of Joseph "dit"
L'Esperance Aubuchon and Elizabeth Cusson. Pierre migrated
to Kaskaskia, May 9, 17164. He married Marie Louise
"dit" Bourbonnais Brunet, on May 10, 1728.
Although Pierre, Marie and her parents were all in New
Orleans when they married, they all returned home to Kaskaskia afterwards.
Marie gave birth to the first Aubuchon
born in Kaskaskia, Elisabeth in about 1733.
In total, Pierre and Marie Louise had eight children: Elizabeth, born
1733, married Pierre "dit" La Fatigue Billeron on January 12, 1750/51
in Kaskaskia; Augustine, born around 1735; Pierre, born October 11,
1736, married Charlotte Guillemot LaLande on January 10, 1763, in Ste.
Genevieve and died September 26, 1781, in Ste. Genevieve; Marie Anne,
born about 1741, married Phillippe-Henri Carpentier on November 8, 1757, in Kaskaskia
and died March 22, 1775, in Ste. Genevieve; Elizabeth, born around 1743;
Augustine, born about 1744, married Therese LaLumandiere on January 17, 1774 in
Ste. Genevieve and died February 4, 1825, in Ste. Genevieve; Catherine,
born about 1747, married Jean Baptiste Hubert LaCroix on August 8, 1772;
Finally, Antoine, born in 1749.
in the 1720's, Pierre fathered Marie, an illegitimate daughter of an unknown Natchez
Indian.5 It is not known whether
the relationship occurred in Kaskaskia or Canada.
Based on Marie's marriage to Jean Baptiste Alarie, on June 6, 1744, the
relationship probably occurred before Pierre married
Marie Louise Brunet. Since Pierre migrated
in 1716, it would imply that she was born in Kaskaskia.
the legal guardian of Guillaume Potier as early as 1740. Guillaume was
the son of Guillaume Potier and Marie, an Indian, both of whom died in the
1740-1741 time frame. Pierre granted his consent for
Guillaume to transport meat to New Orleans after a hunting party in
the Fall of 17406.
Pierre died on April 21, 1771.
Jean Baptiste Aubuchon b. 09 September
1698 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Jean Baptiste was born on September
9, 1698 in Montreal. There are also two migration dates identified for Jean Baptiste:
7, 1725, and July 1, 1729.7
You could speculate that Jean Baptiste return to Montreal to
retrieve his brother Antoine and they traveled together to Kaskaskia. There is currently no
known marriage or descendants of Jean Baptiste and the date and location of his
death are also not known.
We do know he was listed in the Kaskaskia records as a master carpenter,
and was contracted to build a house in Kaskaskia for Etienne Gaudreau on March 10, 1739.
The house was to be twenty-five by twenty feet. The cost was 300 livres
plus food for Jean Baptiste and his helpers, provided he supplied the harness
necessary to haul the wood.8
Antoine Aubuchon b. 13 November
1705 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada
There were possibly two Antoine children of Joseph "dit"
L'Esperance Aubuchon. According to the "Dictionnaire généalogique
des familles du Québec" the first Antoine was born on September 20,
1703, in Montreal and married Agatha Gervaise in Quebec, Canada on November 18,
1726. She died two years later on September 29, 1728, in Quebec, Canada.
They had two children, Joseph Aubuchon, born September 30, 1727, and
died in Canada on October 4, 1727, and Marie Catherine Aubuchon, born September 14,
1728, and died October 11, 1728, also in
approximately a one year period, September 29, 1727, and October 11,
1728, Antoine lost his entire family.
second Antoine born November 13, 1705, was the Antoine that actually
migrated. His recognized migration date is July 1, 172910, which coincides with the second
date identified for Jean Baptiste. After settling in Kaskaskia, he married Elisabeth Delaunay
(also spelled de Launay and other various spellings) on February 1, 1738/39.
Elisabeth Delaunay was the daughter of Joseph Delaunay and Elisabeth
Bourbonnais. Elisabeth Bourbonnais was also the mother of Andre Deguire
by her second husband.
Antoine and Elizabeth, had two children: Elizabeth was born in Kaskaskia, Illinois, sometime around 1738,
married Dominique Thomure LaSource on July 1, 1755, in Kaskaskia,
unfortunately, the date of her death is unknown; Antoine Tonish, was also
born in Kaskaskia around 1750, married Marie Louise
"dit" Veronneau Denis November 24, 1766, in Ste. Genevieve and he
died January 25, 1798, in Ste. Genevieve. There is speculation that there
may have been a third child named François.
conflict as to which Antoine actually migrated (if there were really two) is
that the book "Kaskaskia Under the French
Regime", by Natalia Maree Belting, identifies November 13, 1703, as
Antoine's (Antoine of Kaskaskia) baptismal date. The "Dictionnaire
généalogique des familles du Québec" , by Rene Jette, identifies the
Antoine who did not migrate, as having a birth and baptism of September 20,
1703. It does seem likely that the date, November 13,
1703, in the Belting book, is a typographical error and should
actually be 1705. To add to the confusion, Tanguay's book, "Dictionnaire
généalogique des familles Canadiennes, Vol II", records François Aubuchon,
born 1691, having married Agathe Gervais in 1726. François Aubuchon, of
the Jacques "dit" Le Loyal Aubuchon line, was
the son of Joseph "dit" Désaliers Aubuchon and Louise Dandonneau.
It is not ruled out that the Antoine who lost his family was the one that
migrated. After all, the death of the last family member was about nine
months before he would have migrated. Nor is it ruled out that there was
really only one Antoine.
1752 Kaskaskia, Illinois, census indicated that
Antoine Aubuchon (spelled Obichon) was the second head-of-family of the André
Deguire household. His wife Elizabeth was the daughter of André Deguire's
wife Elizabeth by her first husband. Thus, Antoine fell within the
extended family of André Deguire and probably considered Deguire their patron
and protector. Antoine had only his wife, one pre-pubescent daughter, and
an indentured servant to make up his household, and he held three arpents of
Based on this census, Antoine's son, Antoine Tonish, was born after the cenus
of 1752 and not in 1750 as traditionally recognized.
Antoine migrated to Ste. Genevieve, Missouri, with his family
where he died on May 30, 1761.