Joseph, the First Choquet

in the United States ?




With the help of one of our collaborators, Patricia Weeks, from Dana Point, California, we were able to trace back to the person we believe is the first Choquet to emigrate to the United States : Joseph Choquet, son of Julien Choquet and Françoise Daudelin, and grandson of  Nicolas, our ancestor. From the data supplied by Pat Weeks, we were able to write down this story.  Keep in mind that most of the time, we had to make presumptions based on the available facts.


 From Varennes, Quebec to Kaskaskia, Missouri.

Joseph was born in Varennes, Quebec in 1719.  In 1747, he married Marie-Rose De Guire, in the village of Kaskaskia.  Patricia has given us information about this village located in Illinois Country:

“After LaSalle, Marquet and Tonti, Father Marest chose the Indian village of Kaskaskia in 1702 to establish his mission close to the Illinois tribe.  Kas is on the east coast of the Mississippi River, in Illinois about 60 miles (100 km) south of St. Louis, Missouri.  One of the reasons for this location was the fact that French people were already living among the Indians there.  Kaskaskia, also called “the establishment” or “Kas,” was a place where travelers could take refuge on fur shipping trips, and on the way to Biloxi, a French post on the Gulf of Mexico.”


 Fort de Chartres and Ste-Genevieve Fondation

Joseph Choquet and Marie-Rose De Guire probably moved to Fort de Chartres shortly thereafter, since this is where their first child, Marie-Josephe, was born in 1748. Pat tells us more about this post:

“Right after 1720, France became preoccupied with the risk of invasion by the Spanish in this central sector.  The John Law Group decided to finance more posts to garrison soldiers for the protection of the fur trade.  Fort de Chartres was built about halfway between Cahokia and Kaskaskia.”

« These small communities grew and became very profitable and important because the French who lived there, (about 90% French Canadian, not European or Acadian),  worked the land to provide flour and lead for the Gulf Coast and the Mid-West regions, as well as for the French & Indian War effort.  On the west coast of Mississippi, the French community founded Kas and Fort de Chartres, which is now called St. Genevieve (in Missouri), a charming and beautiful town still attached to its French Canadian past.”

It is possible that Joseph and Marie-Rose were among those who moved to St. Geneviѐve from Fort de Chartes, because their third child, Julian, was born there  in 1755.

 Meeting in St-Louis…

« LaClede and Chouteau came from New Orleans in 1764 (which was not established until 1721), and chose the opposite side of Cahokia to found St-Louis, Missouri.  France ceded these possessions to Spain.  The “Americans” were moving in ever closer from the East.  The French population found itself saying, “Why not move to the other side of the river where we could be governed by a Catholic country?”.  And so most of them moved across the river to the west coast of the Mississippi, while St. Genevieve and St. Louis began to develop rapidly.”

This is exactly what happened  because Julian, (4th generation of the Choquets in North America), and his wife, Marie-Louise Boyer, had 11 children after settling in the St. Genevieve/St. Louis area at the end of the 1700’s and the beginning of 1800’s.

 A long trip towards Louisiana…

During this time (1755-1759), it seems that Joseph moved to Pointe Coupée in the Baton Rouge’s bishop in Louisiana.  Following the death of Marie-Rose De Guire, Joseph married Marie Anne Decoux on May 15, 1759.  He died a few months later and was buried in Pointe Coupée on December 26, 1759.

« Pointe Coupée is now part of New Orleans, close to Baton Rouge.  It’s now called New Roads. It was established in early 1720,  mostly for its land.  Several Acadians came to live there afterwards.  Most of the settlers came from France as servants on contract with the John Law Company.  Several beautiful plantation homes were built in that region by those French settlers.

Since Pointe Coupée is quite far from St. Genevieve, it would be interesting to know what motivated Joseph to undertake such a journey.

 Other links:

Illinois Country :

Indians of Illinois :

Genealogy, groups and books :

·         Our collaborator , Pat Weeks is editor of the South Orange County California Genealogy Society's newsletter.

  • Center for French Colonial Studies, 339 St. Mary's Rd, Ste. Genevieve, MO. 63670
  • La population des forts français d'Amérique (XVIIIe siѐcle), by Marthe Faribault-Beauregard, Éditions Bergeron, vol. 1, 1982; vol. 2, 1984.


Return to Choquet-te history


Source :


© 2019 Mes Ancêtres